Algiers Agreement Between Eritrea And Ethiopia

The current development can be described as a peace agreement between a democratically elected reformist, Dr. Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia, and an oppressive leader who rules his country without a constitution, President Isaias Afwerki. Many Eritrean Ethiopians have expressed some concerns. Eritreans, in particular, feel powerless and fear that they will not have a say in their country`s affairs. For many, his actions were „characterless,“ calling into question his desire to achieve lasting peace with all of Ethiopia. People have zealously shown their desire for lasting and lasting peace. However, during his first visit to Ethiopia, President Isaias said, „We have never had a border issue.“ His multiple statements during the peace process have angered many Eritreans. Before that end, it is the responsibility of leaders to keep their promises and follow the peace process. To ensure a lasting and lasting peace, here are some of my recommendations: the agreement established two neutral commissions: the Boundary Commission and the Claims Commission. Each of the parties has submitted requests to the Commission on its own behalf and on behalf of its nationals within one year of the entry into force of the Agreement and, with certain exceptions, the Commission should be the sole forum for such complaints. In appropriate cases, the parties could assert rights on behalf of persons of Eritrean or Ethiopian origin who are not nationals. However, as of September 2007, Ethiopia considered Eritrea to be in violation of the agreement and warned that it could use it as a ground for denouncing or suspending the agreement. [4] In December 2007, an estimated 4,000 Eritrean soldiers remained in the „demilitarized zone,“ with another 120,000 along the border.

Ethiopia had 100,000 troops at its side. [5] In May 1998, an armed conflict broke out between the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the State of Eritrea. On 12 December 2000, the Governments of Ethiopia and Eritrea concluded the Algiers Agreement, which ended military hostilities and, inter alia, announced the establishment of the Boundary Commission. The Boundary Commission was mandated to delimit and delimit the boundary of the colonial treaty on the basis of the relevant colonial treaties (1900, 1902 and 1908) and applicable international law. Ethiopia`s new prime minister, Dr Abiy Ahmed, 41, was elected to power mainly as a direct result of the endless protest against the repressive nature of the Ethiopian government, which came to power in 1991. Sixteen years after the Ethiopia-Eritrea Boundary Commission (EEBC) ruling, Dr Abiy said Ethiopia fully accepts the Algiers agreement without preconditions. As a result, Eritrea also sent a high-level delegation to Addis Ababa, the first diplomatic visit between the two countries since the war began in 1998. The ministers were greeted with great welcome. As well as Dr.

Abiy, who was welcomed with the entire population of Asmara when he arrived a few days later in the Eritrean capital. This was followed by the visit of the only Eritrean president since independence to Ethiopia. Like Dr. Abiy, President Isaias was welcomed on July 14 by millions of people in the capital Addis Ababa. What seemed unthinkable four months ago brought so much joy and tears to both peoples. In 2000, the two countries finally signed to peacefully settle their dispute with the Algiers agreement through an international tribunal. The judgement was rendered final and binding in 2003, in which the main border town of Badme was assigned to Eritrea. The ruling gave a clear as definitive and binding border on the entire border between the two countries. However, delimitation could not take place because Ethiopia had set a precondition for border settlement and had continued to occupy Eritrean territory.

As a result, what followed for the next 16 years was a „no war, no peace“ impasse. Ethiopian politicians and experts said the United States and the United Arab Emirates have played a key role in the implementation of the peace agreement. . . .