Bonn Agreement 1978

1. The contracting parties provide for the fulfilment of the secretarial tasks relating to this agreement, taking into account existing arrangements under other international agreements relating to the prevention of marine pollution and air pollution in the same region as this agreement. We have instructed our representatives to convene before the end of 1978 to verify this statement. We also intend to have a similar meeting between us next year at an appropriate time. At last year`s Downing Street Summit, we rejected a protectionist line for world trade. We have agreed to give a new impetus to the Tokyo Round. Our negotiators have fulfilled that commitment. Today, we call on them, in collaboration with the other participants, to resolve the outstanding issues and successfully conclude the detailed negotiations by December 15, 1978. Article 218, paragraph 6, of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFUE) provides that „the Council, on the proposal of the negotiator, adopts a decision on the conclusion of the agreement.“ In addition, this article provides that the Council, unless the agreements deal exclusively with the common foreign and security policy, with the decision to conclude the agreement, after approval by the European Parliament, where the agreements cover areas either of the ordinary legislative procedure or the specific legislative procedure, where the approval of the European Parliament is required. The first „North Sea Oil Pollution Cooperation Agreement“ was signed in 1969 by the eight North Sea border states, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom. This happened shortly after the oil tanker Torrey Canyon collapsed off Cornwall in 1967 and spilled 117,000 tonnes of oil and spilled 117,000 tonnes of oil in the first major pollution disaster in Western Europe. However, the Bonn Agreement was not concluded until the late 1970s, after two other serious episodes of pollution: the Ekofisk-Blow-out in 1977 and the Amoco Cadiz in 1978. Since then, the agreement has continued to operate effectively.

The original 1969 agreement was replaced in 1983 by a new Bonn agreement that included „other pollutants“ and oil. It was at this time that the European Union (at the time CEE) became a contracting party; and financial arrangements have been made for the reimbursement of costs by a contracting party in the event of mutual assistance. In 1989, the text of the Bonn Agreement was amended to include aerial surveillance to detect operational and illegal spills, which came into force on 1 April 1994. A central debate in the mid-1990s was the continuation of dismissal offences at sea. It was feared that, despite aerial monitoring of oil spills, no sanctions had been taken against polluters who breached marpol 73/78. Several seminars were held to examine differences of opinion on the acceptability of evidence from aerial surveillance and petroleum fingerprints. The Heads of State and Government of Canada, the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America met in Bonn on July 16 and 17, 1978. The European Community was represented by the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission in the debate on matters within the Community`s jurisdiction.