Closeness of Agreement Meaning

According to ISO 5725-1[1], the general term „accuracy“ is used to describe the proximity of a measurement to the actual value. When the term is applied to sets of measures of the same measure, it is a component of random error and a component of systematic error. In this case, accuracy is the proximity of the mean of a set of measurement results to the actual (true) value, and accuracy is the proximity of the correspondence between a set of results. The accuracy of the analytical method is the correspondence between a real value and the value obtained. In the fields of science and technology, the accuracy of a measurement system is the degree of proximity of measurements of a quantity to the actual value of that quantity. [2] The accuracy of a measurement system in terms of reproducibility and repeatability is the extent to which repeated measurements under unchanged conditions give the same results. [2] [3] Although the two words precision and accuracy may be synonymous in colloquial usage, they are deliberately juxtaposed in the context of the scientific method. Reproducibility can be defined as the agreement between independent results obtained using the same method on the test material, but under different conditions, in this case in different experiments. ISO 5725 uses the combination of two terms, „accuracy“ and „precision“ (Figure 1), under the heading „Accuracy (accuracy and precision) of measurement methods and results“, to describe the accuracy of a measurement method.

According to ISO 5725, „accuracy“ refers to the proximity of the correspondence between the arithmetic mean of a large number of test results and the actual or accepted reference value [1]. „Accuracy“ refers to the correspondence between the different test results. Alternatively, in a scientific context, if the margin of error needs to be specified more precisely, one can use a notation such as 7.54398 (23) × 10-10 m, which means a range between 7.54375 and 7.54421 × 10-10 m. If the order in which the records were measured was randomized so that the researcher did not know which patient he had measured or revalidated, the known action proposed by Bland and Altman2 (1986) should be implemented. Good concordance and proximity to the expected and experimental results and a high dye adsorption capacity in a short period of time confirm the high performance of the current wastewater treatment method, while the simple separation of existing nanoparticles and good regeneration promote a good applicability of Fe3O4-MNPs-AC for wastewater treatment. Accordingly, the BIPM defines accuracy as the agreement between the measured indications or the values obtained by reproducing measurements on identical or similar objects under certain conditions [2]. Precision may include accuracy in its broader definition, but the two words are not strictly interchangeable. The differences between the mean ±SD are not clinically significant. The differences between the mean ±SD and the average±1.96 SD are in an alarm zone and the differences in value a are out of control. The points out of control are uncertain and the risk of negative results during treatment or diagnosis.

Therefore, the doctor must look for them and decide if they are in an acceptance zone, as they must be null and void. The number of points in the alarm zone and the number of points out of control are shown in Table 2 for the two methods of measuring the upper length of the arc at the central valley. Accuracy indicates how close a measurement is to the correct value for that measurement. The accuracy of a measurement system refers to the proximity of the correspondence between repeated measurements (which are repeated under the same conditions). Measurements can be both accurate and precise, accurate but not precise, precise but not exact, or neither. The proximity of the agreement or the disagreement between these results is discussed in this document. In military terms, accuracy refers mainly to the accuracy of the shot (firing accuracy), the accuracy of the fire expressed by the proximity of a grouping of shots on and around the center of the target. [4] The good concordance and proximity of the expected and experimental result and the high adsorption capacity of the dyes in a short period of time strongly confirm the high adequacy of the current method for wastewater treatment, while the simple separation of the existing nanoparticle and its good regeneration support the good applicability of Fe3O4-MNPs-AC for wastewater treatment. With the publication of the ISO 5725 series of standards in 1994, there was a change in the meaning of these terms, which is also reflected in the 2008 edition of the BIPM International Vocabulary of Metrology (VIM), points 2.13 and 2.14. [2] When measuring a set, accuracy is the proximity of the measurements to a given value, while accuracy is the proximity of the measurements to each other. By simultaneously comparing the results of the four observers using Fleiss` Kappa statistics, the agreement`s proximity to MSh TSE was found to be greater than that of SSh EPI; No significant differences were found in patients stratified by primary or recurrent cholesteatoma and by age or sex.

Accordingly, the BIPM defines accuracy as the correspondence between indications or measured quantity values obtained by repeated measurements on identical or similar objects under certain conditions [2]. Accuracy may include precision in its broader definition, but the two words are not strictly interchangeable. On the other hand, the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) defines accuracy as the degree of agreement between a measured quantity value and an actual quantity value of a measurement (quantity to be measured) [2]. In this case, accuracy is defined as the agreement between the mean of an infinite number of replicated measurements and a reference quantity value. As a result, the New Oxford American Dictionary gives the technical definition of accuracy as the degree to which the result of a measurement, calculation, or specification matches the correct value or standard [3]. In the same vein, the Merriam-Webster dictionary defines accuracy as the degree of conformity of a measure with a standard or true value [4]. Since I tried Ludwig in 2017, I have been using it constantly in both editing and translation. Since then, I have been suggesting it to my translators at ProSciEditing. The words accuracy, accuracy and precision are important differential terms when it comes to measurements in a scientific and technical context.

In general, accuracy refers to the proximity of a reading to a known value or standard. However, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) uses the term „truthfulness“ for the above definition, while retaining the word „accuracy“ to refer to the combination of accuracy and precision. On the other hand, the accuracy depends on the proximity of several measurements of the same size to each other. In the field of statistics, it is quite common to use the terms „distortion“ and „variability“ to refer to the lack of „veracity“ and the lack of „accuracy“ respectively. In logic simulation, a common mistake in evaluating accurate models is to compare a logic simulation model with a transistor circuit simulation model. This is a comparison of differences in precision, not accuracy. Precision is measured in terms of detail and accuracy is measured in relation to reality. [11] [12] On the other hand, accuracy is defined by ISO 5725 [1] as variability between repeated measurements (Figure 1). .